Hindu festivals - Navratri

Navratri

Navaratri, also spelled Navratri or Navarathri, is a nine nights Hindu festival, celebrated in the Tamil month of Purattasi every year. It is celebrated differently in various parts of the Indian subcontinent. There are two seasonal Navaratri in a year

Why do we celebrate Navratri?

Festival of Navratri is full of lights, joy and festivity. Hindus celebrate this with devotion and enthusiasm throughout India. The celebration is carried on for around 9 days. It means nine nights and so the tenth day Goddess Durga, who is worshipped throughout the nine days, is immersed in holy water after pooja.

What do the nine days of Navratri mean?

Navratri - a nine day festival dedicated to Mother Goddess Durga. The word Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit, nava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights. During these nine nights and ten days, nine forms of Shakti / Deviare worshiped.

What does Navratri signify?

During the nine-night long festival of Navratri the supreme female cosmic power or Goddess Shakti is worshipped in her variously manifested forms as Durga, Laxmi and Saraswati. All three Goddess are the incarnations of Goddess Shakti (the Mother Goddess). The festival signifies power, wealth, prosperity and knowledge.

Which goddess is worshipped on first day of Navratri?

First Day of Navratri, Worshipping Goddess Shailputri. During Navratri, Goddess Durga is worshipped in nine forms. The first form of Goddess Durga – Maa Shailputri is worshipped on the first day of Navratri. Goddess Parvati took rebirth as the daughter of Lord Himalayas and was known as Shailputri.

Why Navratri is celebrated for 9 days?

Navaratri is celebrated in different ways throughout India. ... The Chaitra Navaratri culminates in Rama Navami on the ninth day, and the Sharada Navaratri culminates in Durga Puja and Dussehra. The Rama Navami remembers the birth of Rama, preceded by nine days of Ramayana recital particularly among the Vaishnava temples.

Why Navratri is celebrated twice in a year?

Also known as Ram Navratri, this festival is celebrated twice a year and falls on the ninth day of the month of Chaitra. ... Vasant Navratri is thus celebrated to worship the goddess of Shakti Parvati and to mark the seasonal changes. People celebrate this festival with great excitement.

Why Garba is celebrated?

From garba dance to Durga Puja rituals, Navratri is celebrated in different ways across India. t is celebrated to honour Goddess Durga who symbolizes power and purity. Navratri is famous for the ritual of fasting or avoiding food grains like rice, wheat and pulses for nine consecutive days

What is Durga Puja? 

Durga Puja 2018: Festival Dates and celebrations in Kolkata. ... According to the Hindu Mythology, Goddess Durga emerged from the collective energy of all Gods as an embodiment of Shakti or divine feminine power, to destroy demon Mahishasura; who was blessed to not be defeated by any man or god.

What does the goddess Durga stand for?

In Hinduism, the goddess Durga, also known as Shakti or Devi, is the protective mother of the universe, sitting astride a lion or tiger, the multi-limbed Durga battles the forces of evil in the world.

Who is the mother of Maa Durga?

Maa Durga is the form of Mother Goddess in Hinduism. The Devi Puranas state that Durga is the warrior manifestation of Goddess Adishakti. Durga means the Invincible One. Therefore, Goddess Adishakti is the Divine Mother of the Universe who had taken birth on Earth as Parvati to win and woo Shiva.

Who gave weapons to Durga?

Once Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvati combined to incarnate as Durga, the ten-armed super-goddess received gifts and boons from the other gods. Shiva gave her his trident, Vishnu gave her his Sudarshan Chakra, and Brahma gave her his kamandalam of holy water and wisdom,

Why does Durga have a lion?

We must forgive ourselves and others for mistakes and/or any hurt we may have caused. Durga Maa is depicted as riding on a lion or a tiger. A tiger symbolizes unlimited power. Thus, Goddess Durga symbolizes the Divine forces (positive energy) that is used against the negative forces of evil and wickedness.

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Hindu festivals - Ganesh Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi, also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi is a Hindu festival celebrating the birth of Ganesha. A ten-day festival, it starts on the fourth day of Hindu Lunisolar calendar month Bhadrapada, which typically falls in the months of August or September of the Gregorian calendar

What is the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi?

Ganesh Chaturthi. Ganesh Chaturthi, in Hinduism, 10-day festival marking the birth of the elephant-headed deity Ganesha, the god of prosperity and wisdom. It begins on the fourth day (chaturthi) of the month of Bhadrapada (August–September), the sixth month of the Hindu calendar.

Why do we celebrate Ganesh festival?

Ganesh Chaturthi is a ten-day Hindu festival celebrated to honour the elephant-headed God Ganesha's birthday. He is the younger son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati., An angry Shiva severed the head of Ganesha after a combat between the two.

What is importance of Ganesh Chaturthi?

Ganesh Chaturthi also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi is one of the importantHindu festivals celebrated throughout India with a great devotion. This day is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesh, the elephant-headed son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lord Ganesh is the symbol of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune

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Hindu Festivals - Sankranti

Makar Sankranti

What is the meaning of the Sankranti?

Makar Sankranti: Marks the transition of the Sun into Makara rashi (Capricorn) on its celestial path, and the six-month Uttarayana period. Makar Sankranti is also called as Uttarayana - the day on which the sun begins his northward journey.

How do we celebrate Sankranti?

In Bihar and Jharkhand, the festival is celebrated on 14–15 January. On 14 January, it is celebrated as Makar Sankranti or Sakraat or Khichdi (in local dialects). As in other parts of country, people take baths in rivers and ponds and feast upon seasonal delicacies as a celebration of good harvest.

What does the festival of Makar Sankranti represent?

Makar Sankranti. Makar Sankranti is one of the most important festivals of the Hindu calendar and celebrates the sun's journey into the northern hemisphere, a period which is considered to be highly auspicious. There is a wide variation in the celebration of Makar Sankranti though out India, in particular the name.

Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti on January 14 every year?

The festival Makara Sankranthi is a solar event making it one of the few Hindu festivals which fall on the same date in local calendars every year: 14 January, with some exceptions when the festival is celebrated on 15 January. Makar Sankrantiis believed to be a time for peace and prosperity.

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Hindu Festivals - Krishna Janmashtami

Krishna Janmashtami

Krishna Janmashtami, also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is an annual Hindu festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu.

Why do we celebrate Krishna Janmashtami?

Janmashtami, the birthday of Lord Krishna is celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm in India in the month of July or August. According to the Hindu calendar this religious festival is celebrated on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksh or the 8th day of the dark fortnight in the month of Bhadon.

What is the time of Lord Krishna birth?

Lord Krishna lived for 125 years. RAJKOT: It's now official. Lord Krishna was born on21-07-3227 BC and died on 18-02-3102 BC.

Who is Krishna?

Krishna:,Sanskrit Kṛṣṇa, one of the most widely revered and most popular of all Indian divinities, worshipped as the eighth incarnation (avatar, or avatara) of the Hindu god Vishnu and also as a supreme god in his own right.

Why Lord Krishna is blue in colour?

Anything which is larger than your perception tends to be blue because blue is the basis of all-inclusiveness. It is based on this that so many gods in India are shown as blue-skinned. Shiva has a blue skin, Krishna has a blue skin, and Rama has a blue skin. It is not that their skin was blue.

Who is Krishna wife?

Though Rukmini and Satyabhama enjoy worship as the consorts of the married king Krishna, the others do not enjoy this honour. A young cowherd Krishna is worshipped with his lover Radha. Kalindi, the goddess of river Yamuna, is worshipped independently. Besides the Ashtabharya, Krishna had 16,000 or 16,100 junior wives.

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Hindu Festivals - MahaShivratri

Maha Shivratri

What is Maha Shivratri?

Maha Shivaratri a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of the god Shiva. There is a Shivaratri in every luni-solar month of the Hindu calendar, on the month's 13th night/14th day, but once a year in late winter and before the arrival of summer, marks Maha Shivaratri which means "the Great Night of Shiva"

What is the significance of Maha Shivaratri?

Maha Shivaratri is an annual festival dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, and is particularly important in the Shaivism tradition of Hinduism. Unlike most Hindu festivals which are celebrated during the day, the Maha Shivaratri is celebrated at night.

Why do we celebrate mahashivratri?

The festival is celebrated on the new moon day in the month of Maagha according to the Hindu calendar. The day is celebrated to venerate Lord Shiva, an important deity in Hindu culture. ... From that day onwards, the night came to be known as Maha Shivratri and people began worshipping Shiva with a great enthusiasm.

What is the Maha Shivaratri festival?

Maha Shivaratri is celebrated over three or ten days based on the Hindu luni-solar calendar. Every lunar month, there is a Shivaratri (12 per year). The main festival is called Maha Shivaratri, or great Shivaratri, and this is on 13th night (waning moon) and 14th day of the month Phalguna (Magha).

What is the story behind Shivaratri?

Maha Shivratri is a Hindu festival celebrated every year in reverence of Lord Shiva.It is also known as padmarajarathri. ... Shivaratri literally means the great night of Shiva or the night of Shiva. It is celebrated every year on the 13th night/14th day of the Maagha or Phalguna month of the Hindu calendar.

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Hindu Feastivals - DIwali

Diwali or Deepavali

  

Diwali or Deepavali

Diwali is the five-day festival of lights, celebrated by millions of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the world. The festival, which coincides with the Hindu New Year, celebrates new beginnings and the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness

What is the story behind the festival of Diwali?

Hindus interpret the Diwali story based upon where they live: In northern India they celebrate the story of King Rama's return to Ayodhya after he defeated Ravana by lighting rows of clay lamps. Southern India celebrates it as the day that Lord Krishna defeated the demon Narakasura.

Why Diwali festival is celebrated?

Diwali is called the Festival of Lights and is celebrated to honour Rama-chandra, the seventh avatar (incarnation of the god Vishnu). It is believed that on this day Rama returned to his people after 14 years of exile during which he fought and won a battle against the demons and the demon king, Ravana.

What is the purpose of Diwali?

Religious significance: Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and Newar Buddhists, although for each faith it marks different historical events and stories, but nonetheless the festival represents the same symbolic victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, and good over evil.

When Diwali will come in?

Diwali falls in either October or November each year, depending on the cycle of the moon. It's observed on the 15th day of Kartik, the holiest month in the Hindu lunar calendar.


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Hindu Feastivals - HOLI

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HOLI

What is the Holi festival?

Holi is a Hindu festival that marks the arrival of spring. Known widely as the Festival of Colour, it takes place over two days, and is a celebration of fertility, colour, and love, as well as the triumph of good versus evil.

Why do we celebrate Holi?

Krishna legend. In the Braj region of India, where the Hindu deity Krishna grew up, the festival is celebrated until Rangpanchmi in commemoration of the divine love of Radha for Krishna. The festivities officially usher in spring, with Holi celebrated as a festival of love.

What is the story of Holi festival?

Holi's different celebrations come from various Hindu legends. One story tells the story of how the god Vishnu saved his follower Prahlada from a pyre while Prahlada's evil aunt Holika burned. The night before the Holi festival a Holika bonfire is burned to celebrate the victory of good over evil.

What is special about Holi?

Holi is a Hindu festival that marks the arrival of spring. Known widely as the Festival of Colour, it takes place over two days, and is a celebration of fertility, colour, and love, as well as the triumph of good versus evil.

What happens during Holi?

Holi is a Hindu festival that marks the arrival of spring. Wood and dung-cakes are burned in a symbolic pyre to signify good defeating evil (in Hindu Vedi scriptures, the God Vishnu helps burn the devil Holika to death). The next morning, people gather in public spaces and take part in Rangwali Holi.


Hindu Festivals - ONAM

ONAM

What is the meaning of Onam?

About Onam: Onam is the most popular festival in Kerala and is celebrated with great pomp and show. It is believed to be the National festival of Kerala. Onam is celebrated each year in the month of August-September which according to the Malayalam calendar is the first month of the year called Chingam

Where is Onam celebrated?

Kerala

Onam is the official state festival of Kerala with public holidays that start four days from Onam Eve (Uthradom). It is celebrated by Malayali diaspora around the world. Though a Hindu festival, non-Hindu communities of Kerala participate in Onam celebrations considering it as a cultural festival.

Why do we celebrate Onam festival?

According to a popular legend, the festival is celebrated to welcome King Mahabali, whose spirit is said to visit Kerala at the time of Onam. Onam is celebrated in the beginning of the month of Chingam,the first month of Malayalam Calendar(Kollavarsham), Carnival of Onam lasts from four to ten days.

Is Onam a Hindu festival?

According to legends, the festival is celebrated to commemorate King Mahabali, whose spirit is said to visit Kerala at the time of Onam. ... However, some non-Hindus in Kerala denounce its celebration as a cultural event because they consider it as a religious festival.

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